This is a Dar al Tuba (home of earthbrick - adobe) was typical of arabic single room rural dwellings built by Sharq Alawsat Arab (Middle Eastern Arabs) and Mugh Arib (North African Arabs), it was commonly found throughout the arabic world.
On the outside there is a purpose built hajar (stone) floored daraj staircase to an open air ghurfa (suspended floor). This upper floor was considered as another room of the house (often used for sleeping) as the climate in much of the arab world meant it could be used as an open air room for much of the year. The Suwr (walls) are built from at Tuba (adobe bricks), which is a mix of libbin (straw) and teen (earth mud). These walls were then rendered with a coat of teen - weathering (often more from sand storms than rain) often leaves the tops of such walls with their brickwork exposed. Though wood is often not a common material for such buildings the shubak (windows) have an option to be simply framed or lattice woodwork, there is also the option for safaqa (wooden shutters); shandal (roof joists) were so valuable they were often left extending beyond the outside of the wall so they could be reused again in the future. The saqf (roof) of this building would have had a covering of basjeel (woven cane) then three layers of manqrur (woven palm matting) over which was coated several layers of teen to give a finished surface strong enough to walk on.